Новые законы о дронах в США в 2023 году | Все, что тебе нужно знать
The United States has seen a dramatic increase in the use of drones over the past few years, with people using them for everything from photography to delivery. From коммерческие беспилотники to recreational drones, there are now a wide variety of reasons why someone might want to fly a drone.
However, with this increase in popularity has come an increase in regulation. The USA government has put forth several laws and regulations regarding the использование беспилотников, both for commercial and recreational purposes.
This article will provide an overview of the drone laws in the USA as of 2022. It will cover both commercial and recreational regulations, as well as some general tips on flying your drone safely and legally.
- Drone Laws In The USA For Recreational Drone Pilots
- Fly Your Drone Strictly For Recreational Purposes
- Register Your Drone With the FAA
- Do Not Fly in Controlled Airspace (Class B, C, D, and E) Without Obtaining Permission
- When Flying in Uncontrolled Airspace, Fly Your Drone Beneath 400 Feet Above Ground Level
- Fly Your Drone Within Visual Line-of-Sight
- Do Not Fly Your Drone at Night Unless It is Equipped with Anti-Collision Lights
- Other Important Rules
- Drone Laws In The USA For Commercial Drone Pilots
- Do Not Fly Your Drone Over People Who Are Not Participating In The Activity or Over A Moving Vehicle
- Pilots of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) Who Wish To Fly in Conditions Where Such Activity is Normally Prohibited Must Get a Waiver
- Commercial Drone Operators Must Produce Proof of Their Certification Upon Request
- Certification Requirements For Commercial Drone Pilots
- General Tips For Flying Drones
- Laws For Traveling With a Drone
- Drone Regulations for Foreigners
- Local Drone Laws
Drone Laws In The USA For Recreational Drone Pilots
Recreational drone pilots are those pilots who fly drones for fun and do not receive any compensation for their flights. In general, recreational drone pilots are subject to the same regulations as any other pilot flying a small aircraft. These include:
- Maintaining a certain distance from airports and not flying above 400 feet.
- All drones must be registered with the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA).
- Recreational drone pilots must fly their drones by the FAA's Small UAS Rule. This rule prohibits flying drones over people, near airports, or in other restricted areas.
- Your drone cannot be weighed over 55 pounds.
- The drone should be in your sight at all times.
Fly Your Drone Strictly For Recreational Purposes
Recreational drone pilots should only fly their drones for recreational purposes. This means that they should not receive any compensation or reward for their flights.
This includes things like flying a drone at a friend's wedding to get paid for the footage, flying a drone at a concert to sell the footage, or taking pictures of a property to sell to the owner.
If a recreational drone pilot is found to be flying their drone for commercial purposes, they could face serious penalties from the FAA.
It's important to note that even if a recreational drone pilot is not receiving any compensation, they could still violate the law if their flights are considered to be commercial. For example, taking pictures of a property to sell to the owner would likely be considered a commercial flight.
Register Your Drone With the FAA
All drones must be registered with the FAA before they can be flown. This is true for both recreational and commercial drone pilots. To register your drone, you will need to provide your name, address, and email address.
You will also need to provide a credit or debit card for the registration fee. The registration fee is $5 for drones that weigh less than 55 pounds. Drones that weigh more than 55 pounds will need to be registered with the FAA's Aircraft Registry.
Do Not Fly in Controlled Airspace (Class B, C, D, and E) Without Obtaining Permission
Class B airspace is generally located around airports. Class C airspace is generally located around larger airports. Class D airspace is generally located around smaller airports. Class E airspace is generally located above rural areas.
In general, you will need to obtain prior approval from the FAA before flying in any of these controlled airspaces. This can be done by submitting an airspace authorization request through the FAA's Low Altitude Authorization and Notification Capability (LAANC) system.
It is important to note that there are some exceptions to this rule. For example, you do not need prior approval to fly in Class B, C, or D airspace if you are flying under the FAA's Small UAS Rule.
When Flying in Uncontrolled Airspace, Fly Your Drone Beneath 400 Feet Above Ground Level
In general, you should keep your drone below 400 feet above ground level when flying in uncontrolled airspace. This is to ensure that you do not conflict with manned aircraft.
However, there are some exceptions to this rule. Although not required, it is recommended that you avoid flying near airports, helipads, or other areas where manned aircraft are known to be operating. The FAA also has a nationwide altitude limit of 400 feet above ground level for all drones.
However, this altitude limit may be increased or decreased in certain areas. For example, the altitude limit in controlled airspace is generally lower than 400 feet.
Fly Your Drone Within Visual Line-of-Sight
You should always keep your drone within the visual line of sight. This means that you should be able to see your drone at all times while it is in the air. If you can not see your drone, then you can not maintain control of it.
The only exception to this rule is if you are flying under the FAA's Small UAS Rule. Under this rule, you are allowed to fly your drone beyond the visual line of sight as long as you have a visual observer who can keep the drone within the visual line of sight.
Do Not Fly Your Drone at Night Unless It is Equipped with Anti-Collision Lights
Unless your drone is equipped with anti-collision lights that comply with the latest norms, you should never fly it at night. These lights must be visible from at least 3 statute miles away. The operator must have a way to see the drone at night. Night vision goggles can be used for this purpose.
Other Important Rules
In addition to the above rules, there are a few other important rules that you should keep in mind when flying your drone.
First, you should always yield the right of way to manned aircraft. You should also avoid flying near people or over crowds.
Additionally, you should not fly your drone under the influence of drugs or alcohol. Finally, you should not fly your drone in a way that endangers the life or property of others.
Drone Laws In The USA For Commercial Drone Pilots
In 2023, the commercial use of drones will be subject to stricter regulation in the United States. The Federal Aviation Administration (FAA) will require a license for all drone operators who wish to fly their drones commercially. In order to obtain a license, commercial drone operators will need to pass a written exam and a flight test.
At the same time, Commercial drone pilots are subject to all of the same rules as recreational drone pilots. In addition, commercial drone pilots must also adhere to the following rules:
Do Not Fly Your Drone Over People Who Are Not Participating In The Activity or Over A Moving Vehicle
You must not fly your drone over individuals who are not participating in the activity or across a moving vehicle. This rule applies to both manned and unmanned aircraft. If you want to fly your drone over people, you must obtain prior approval from the FAA.
Pilots of Unmanned Aerial Vehicles (UAVs) Who Wish To Fly in Conditions Where Such Activity is Normally Prohibited Must Get a Waiver
If you want to fly your drone in conditions that are normally restricted, such as flying at night or flying over people, you must obtain a waiver from the FAA. You can do this by submitting a request through the FAA's DroneZone. It is important to note that the FAA may not approve all waiver requests.
Commercial Drone Operators Must Produce Proof of Their Certification Upon Request
When operating commercially, all commercial drone operators must show proof of their certification. This proof can be in the form of a physical copy or an electronic copy. The pilot must also have a valid photo I.D. with them at all times.
Certification Requirements For Commercial Drone Pilots
To obtain a commercial drone license, you must be at least 16 years old and have a valid photo I.D. You must also pass an aeronautical knowledge test. This test covers topics such as airspace regulations, weather, and aircraft performance. After you have passed the test, you will be issued a certificate that is valid for two years.
Satisfy the Minimum Qualifications
The minimum qualifications to become a licensed commercial drone pilot are:
- Be at least 16 years old
- Have a valid photo I.D.
- Pass an aeronautical knowledge test
Pass the Part 107 Knowledge Test
The Part 107 knowledge test is required to become a licensed commercial drone pilot. This test covers topics such as airspace regulations, weather, and aircraft performance. The test is taken on a computer at an FAA-approved testing center. You must score at least 70% on the test to pass.
Clear the TSA Background Check
All commercial drone pilots must clear a TSA background check. This is to ensure that you are not a security risk. The background check will look at your criminal history, employment history, and social media activity.
After 24 months, Retake a Recurrent Knowledge Test
All commercial drone pilots must take a recurrent knowledge test every 24 months. This is to ensure that you remain up-to-date on the latest regulations and best practices.
General Tips For Flying Drones
Here are some general tips to help you fly your drone safely and legally:
- Read the FAA's rules and regulations carefully before flying.
- Register your drone with the FAA before flying.
- Keep your drone within your line of sight at all times.
- Do not fly near airports or other aircraft.
- Fly during daylight hours only.
- Stay below 400 feet in altitude.
Laws For Traveling With a Drone
The same rules apply to travel with a drone as they do to any other type of aircraft. You must pack your drone in a secure manner that will prevent it from being damaged during transport. You must also declare your drone to the TSA if you are flying commercially.
Follow The Rules Regarding Batteries as Stated by The TSA
You must check with the TSA to see what rules apply to bringing batteries on an airplane. The TSA has strict rules on what types of batteries are allowed on an airplane. You must also pack them in a secure manner that will prevent them from being damaged during transport.
Check Your Airline's Baggage Rules
Each airline has its own rules about what you can and cannot bring on an airplane. You should check with your airline before you travel to see if there are any restrictions on bringing a drone.
Be Transparent With The TSA.
The TSA has the right to inspect any item that you bring on an airplane. This includes drones. You should be transparent with the TSA about what you are bringing and why. All commercial drone pilots must declare their drone to the TSA.
This is to ensure that the drone is properly registered and that you are not a security risk. If you do not follow the TSA rules, they may confiscate your drone. This is because drones are considered to be hazardous materials. The TSA takes this very seriously and will take appropriate action if they feel that you are a risk.
Drone Regulations for Foreigners
Foreign nationals are subject to the same drone laws as USA citizens. If you are a foreign national and you want to operate a drone commercially in the United States, you must obtain a license from the FAA.
Foreigners who wish to fly drones recreationally.
The foreigners who come to the United States for recreation may fly their drones only in designated areas and must follow all the same rules as USA citizens. They cannot fly their drones in national parks, near airports, or in other restricted areas.
Foreigners who wish to fly drones for profit
To fly a drone commercially, foreigners must obtain a license from the FAA. The process is the same as it is for USA citizens. They must pass an aeronautical knowledge test and clear a TSA background check. However, they will also need to obtain a work visa before they can begin flying drones commercially in the United States.
Local Drone Laws
In addition to the federal drone laws, each state has its own set of drone laws. These laws vary from state to state, so it is important to check the laws in your state before you fly.
Some states have very strict drone laws, while others have very lax laws. It is important to research the drone laws in your state before you fly.
For instance, in California, you cannot fly a drone over someone's property without their permission. In Florida, you can only fly a drone during the day, and you must keep it within your sight at all times.
Drone laws in the USA are constantly changing. It is important to stay up-to-date on the latest laws and regulations. The best way to do this is to check the FAA website regularly. You should also sign up for updates from the FAA so that you can be notified when new laws are enacted.
Lastly, if you are ever unsure about whether or not you can fly in a certain area, it is always best to err on the side of caution and not fly. If you have any questions about drone laws, you should contact an attorney who specializes in aviation law.