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Правила и нормы для пилотов беспилотных летательных аппаратов в 2023 году

По: Ричард Дж. Гросс
Обновлено: 26 декабря 2022 г.

As the popularity of drones continues to grow, so does the number of people flying them recreationally. Drones have become increasingly affordable and easy to use, making them a great way to get started in aviation.

However, there are a few things that all drone pilots need to know before taking to the skies. Whether you're a beginner just starting or an experienced pilot looking to expand your skills, it's essential to be familiar with drone flight rules and regulations.

This article will provide an overview of the most important rules and regulations for Recreational Drone Pilot.

Where Did These Rules Originate?

Пилот беспилотного летательного аппарата

The rules and regulations governing drone flight are set by the Federal Aviation Administration (FAA). The FAA is responsible for ensuring the safety of all aircraft in the United States, including drones. While the agency has been working to develop comprehensive regulations for drone flight, they have not yet released final rules.

In the meantime, they've issued a series of interim regulations and guidance documents to help drone pilots stay safe and legal.

The most important of these interim rules is the Special Rule for Model Aircraft, also known as Section 336. This rule exempts recreational drone pilots from many of the FAA's standard aircraft regulations, provided they fly for hobby or recreational purposes.

To qualify for this exemption, pilots must adhere to safety guidelines known as the "model aircraft operating standards."

All drone pilots need to know several important rules and regulations. Some of the most important ones have been discussed below:

Drones weighing more than 0.55 lbs must be registered

A drone that weighs more than 0.55 lbs should be registered with the FAA. This includes all drones used for commercial purposes, regardless of weight.

Recreational drone pilots who do not wish to register their aircraft can fly them under the Special Rule for Model Aircraft, provided they meet the requirements listed in Section 336.

Flights should be made for recreational purposes only

Drones must not be flown for commercial or business purposes unless the pilot has a valid FAA exemption. This includes photography, videography, surveying, mapping, and deliveries.

Recreational drone pilots can only fly their aircraft for hobby or recreational purposes. Drones can only be flown for recreational purposes if they meet the Special Rule for Model Aircraft requirements.

Do not fly in regulated airspace without first obtaining permission

Drones must not be flown in regulated airspace without first obtaining permission from the FAA. This includes airports, heliports, and other areas where flight is prohibited. Pilots can use the FAA's interactive map to determine if a site is a regulated airspace.

When flying in uncontrolled airspace, keep your drone below 400 feet

Recreational drone pilots should keep their aircraft below 400 feet when flying in uncontrolled airspace. This is to avoid flying near other aircraft.

Avoid flying through Controlled Airspace

Controlled airspace is airspace that the FAA regulates. This includes airports, heliports, and other areas where flight is restricted. Recreational drone pilots must not fly through controlled airspace without first obtaining permission from the FAA.

Always give way to the passing of Human-crewed Aircraft

Drones must always give way to the passing of human-crewed aircraft. This means that drones should not fly in the path of a human-crewed aircraft and yield to any maneuvers that the plane makes.

Never fly over crowds or Public Events

Recreational drone pilots must never fly over crowds or public events. This includes festivals, concerts, sporting events, and any other type of gathering. This is to avoid any potential accidents or injuries.

Do not fly in an area where there is an Emergency

Pilots should not fly their drones in an area with an emergency. This includes areas where a fire or other disaster has occurred. Doing so could interfere with emergency response efforts and cause further harm. Recreational drone pilots need to be aware of their surroundings at all times.

This includes knowing where emergencies are taking place and avoiding those areas. By doing so, they can help ensure that they stay safe and within the law.

Make sure you're physically and mentally capable of Piloting a Drone

Recreational drone pilots need to be physically and mentally capable of flying their aircraft. This means they should be in good health and not under the influence of drugs or alcohol.

Drone pilots should also be able to maintain control of their aircraft. They should also be aware of drone flight laws and be prepared to follow them.

Is There a Competency Test or Any Training Required for Recreational Pilots?

Пилот беспилотного летательного аппарата

There is no competency test or training required for recreational drone pilots. However, it is recommended that pilots take some time to familiarize themselves with the laws governing drone flight. This will help ensure that they can safely and legally operate their aircraft.

Additionally, pilots should consult with local law enforcement before flying in areas with restrictions. Pilots who do not follow the rules may be subject to civil or criminal penalties.

These can include fines, jail time, and their pilot's license suspension. In some cases, pilots may also have their drones confiscated. Whether or not a pilot faces penalties will depend on the severity of the infraction.

Is it possible for Recreational Pilots to Fly a Drone at Night?

Пилот беспилотного летательного аппарата

Yes, recreational drone pilots can fly a drone at night. However, some restrictions must be followed. For example, drones must not be flown within 5 miles of an airport without prior approval from the FAA.

Additionally, all drones must be equipped with visible lights from at least three miles away. These lights must be turned on while the drone is in flight.

Additionally, pilots should avoid flying their drones in low-light conditions, making them difficult to see. By following these tips, recreational pilots can safely fly their drones at night.


Flying a drone can be a fun and exciting experience. However, recreational pilots need to understand the rules and regulations that govern drone flight.

Recreational drone pilots should be aware of the airspace restrictions in place. They should also familiarize themselves with the laws governing drone flight. By doing so, they can safely and legally fly their aircraft.

Additionally, recreational pilots should always be aware of their surroundings and avoid flying in emergencies. They should make sure they are physically and mentally capable of flying a drone before taking it to the skies.

Lastly, recreational pilots should consult with local law enforcement to find out if there are any restrictions for flying drones at night. Following these tips allows recreational drone pilots to have safe and enjoyable flights with their drones.

Ричард Дж. Гросс

Привет, меня зовут Ричард Дж. Гросс, я постоянный пилот Airbus и владелец коммерческого бизнеса по производству беспилотников. Я увлекся дронами в 2015 году, когда начал заниматься аэрофотосъемкой для компаний, занимающихся недвижимостью. В то время я понятия не имел, во что ввязываюсь, но оказалось, что вскоре после того, как я начал летать, на меня вызвали полицию. Им не понравилось, что я летаю на своем дроне рядом с людьми, поэтому они попросили меня приехать и обучить их сотрудников правилам и нормам для дронов. После этого я решил открыть свой собственный бизнес по производству дронов и обучать других безопасному и ответственному использованию дронов.

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