Лучшее руководство по TFRs для пилотов дронов в 2023 году
Drone pilots need to be aware of Temporary Flight Restrictions (TFRs) in place for their area. These restrictions can vary in scope and severity, from a few miles around an airport to a large area encompassing an entire state.
Violating a TFR can result in hefty penalties, including fines and imprisonment. Some restrictions are temporary, while others may be in effect for an extended period. This article will explain TFRs and how drone pilots can check for them.
What are TFRs?
The FAA imposes TFRs to protect people and property on the ground. They may be put in place for a variety of reasons, including wildfires, sporting events, and VIP travel. When a TFR is in effect, aircraft are not allowed to enter the restricted area without prior authorization from the FAA. This includes drones, which are considered aircraft.
Section 107.47 of the Federal Aviation Regulations (FARs) describes TFRs. The regulation prohibits aircraft from entering designated airspace without prior authorization from the FAA. It also requires aircraft to avoid flying over or near certain events, such as sporting events, concerts, and rallies.
In the USA, TFRs are managed by the FAA. The FAA releases a list of TFRs each week. This list is called the TFR NOTAM (Notice to Airmen). The TFR NOTAM includes a list of all the TFRs in place, including the dates they are in effect and the altitudes they are effective at.
ЧИТАЙТЕ: 5 Causes of Plane Crashes & Preventive Measures
What are the reasons for releasing TFRs?
There are many reasons for the FAA to release TFRs. Some of the most common reasons are:
- To protect people on the ground from aircraft.
- To protect property on the ground from aircraft.
- To prevent aircraft from interfering with law enforcement or other emergency operations.
- To prevent aircraft from interfering with a sporting event.
- To prevent aircraft from flying over a VIP.
How to Check for TFRs?
There are several ways to check for TFRs. The easiest way is to use an app or website that provides information on TFRs. Some websites allow you to search by location. In many countries, including the USA, the airport operator or control tower will have information on TFRs.
Pilots can also call the FAA’s Flight Information Service Line (FIS-L) to get information on TFRs. The FIS-L is open 24 hours a day, seven days a week. The number is 1-866-293-8377. Several apps allow pilots to check for TFRs. These apps provide information on the TFRs in place and the dates they are in effect.
The following apps allow you to check for TFRs: Airmap, MyPilotPro, WingX Pro7, and FlyQ EFB. The FAA website also has a TFR NOTAM search tool that helps you to find out if there are any TFRs in place for your location.
ЧИТАЙТЕ: Как летают самолеты в плохих погодных условиях? Безопасно это или нет?
What are the penalties for failing to comply with a TFR?
The penalties for violating a TFR can be severe.
The penalties include:
- A fine of up to $1,000.
- Imprisonment for up to 90 days.
- Suspension or revocation of your pilot's license.
- Aircraft seized by the government.
The penalties increase if you interfere with first responders or endanger people on the ground. Pilots who violate a TFR can be fined, arrested, or even imprisoned in the USA.
In other countries, the penalties may be less severe. For example, in Canada, the penalty for violating a TFR is a fine of up to $3,000. This can be increased to $5,000 if the violation endangers people or property.
A security-related TFR violation is a Class A misdemeanor that carries a jail sentence of between six months and a year. If the incident did not result in death, the offender will be fined $100,000, or up to $250,000 if the crime resulted in death.
ЧИТАЙТЕ: Как избежать столкновений на взлетно-посадочной полосе? Все, что вам нужно знать
Is it always illegal to operate a drone inside a TFR?
Not all TFRs prohibit drone flight. Some TFRs allow “controlled access” airspace, which means that specific permission is required to fly in that area. Pilots who want to fly in controlled access airspace must contact air traffic control and receive clearance. Then, they must follow the instructions of air traffic control.
The FAA has issued access to controlled airspace for drones on a case-by-case basis. In some cases, the FAA has granted access to controlled airspace to drone pilots who have submitted a request and provided information about their operation.
To request access to controlled airspace, you must submit a letter of authorization (LOA) to the FAA. The LOA must include information about your operation, such as the dates and times you want to fly, and the location of your flight.
The FAA will review your request and determine if you can have access to the controlled airspace. You can find more information on how to request access to controlled airspace on the FAA website.
In another case, the person or organization who requested the TFR can permit you to fly in the TFR. For example, if a TFR is requested for a sporting event, the organizers of the event can permit you to fly in the TFR.
TFRs are essential safety features for pilots and aircraft. By knowing where they are in place, pilots can avoid flying through them. Drone pilots should also be aware of TFRs, as flying in a TFR can result in penalties. They help keep pilots and aircraft safe.
By knowing where there are TFRs in place, pilots can avoid passing through those areas. There are several ways to check for TFRs. The easiest way is to use an app or website that provides information on TFRs. Some websites allow you to search by location. In many countries, including the USA, the airport operator or control tower will have information on TFRs.
It can vary depending on the country and the severity of the violation. Pilots who violate a TFR can be fined, arrested, or even imprisoned in the USA. It is essential to always check for TFRs before flying your drone. By doing so, you can help keep yourself and other pilots safe.