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Leyes de drones en Polonia: reglas a seguir (actualizado en 2024)

Por: Richard J. Gross
Actualizado el: 4 de diciembre de 2022

As drones become more and more popular, the need for drone laws becomes increasingly important. Poland is one of the many countries that are in the process of drafting legislation regulating the use of drones. Apparently, flying a drone in Poland is a bit more complicated than you think.

Drone Laws in Poland

This blog post will explore some of the proposed drone laws in Poland and what they could mean for drone users in this country.

Furthermore, we will be discussing the drone rules and regulations in Poland and what you need to know before flying your drone there. So, if you’re thinking of flying your drone in Poland, go through this article.

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Is Flying Drones in Poland Illegal?

Flying a drone in Poland is not technically illegal, but there are certain restrictions and guidelines that must be followed. For example, drone operators must obtain authorization from the Civil Aviation Authority before flying their drones in Polish airspace, and they must avoid flying over areas that may pose a risk to public safety, such as busy roads or crowded spaces.

Additionally, commercial and dron profesional pilots must follow regular maintenance schedules and ensure that their drones are equipped with certain safety features such as anti-collision lights and geofencing technology.

While these regulations exist for a good reason, it is important to note that Poland does recognize the potential benefits of drone technology and has introduced several programs designed to promote its use in various sectors of the economy.

Overall, then, it is fair to say that while flying a drone in Poland may not be outright illegal, it is generally advisable to operate within the strict parameters set by law enforcement agencies.

Where not to Fly your Drone?

In order to protect the safety of people and property, there are certain areas where drones are not permitted to fly. These areas are known as “no-drone zones,” and in Poland, there are many places where drones are not allowed to fly.

These areas are typically busy or high-traffic areas where there is a risk of collision with other objects or people.

In Poland, there are several no-drone zones where drone pilots should be extra careful not to fly their devices.

Given below are some of the major areas:

The Malbork Castle

This castle is a UNESCO world heritage site and one of the most popular tourist destinations in Poland. The castle grounds are strictly off-limits to drones due to the high risk of collision with visitors or other objects.

Old Town of Torun

The Old Town Torun is a historic area of Warsaw, and it is also a no-drone zone.

The Old Town of Zamosc

This is a UNESCO world heritage site that is famous for its beautiful 16th-century architecture. drones are not allowed to fly in this area due to the risk of collisions with buildings or people.

The Velichka Salt Mine

The Velichka Salt Mine is a no-drone zone due to the sensitive nature of the exhibits. So, these are some of the places where drones are not allowed to fly in Poland.

If you are thinking of flying your drone in this country, it is important to be aware of these restrictions, and to avoid getting into trouble, make sure that you do not fly your drone in any of these areas.

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Agencies involved in the Regulation of Drones in Poland

Drone Laws in Poland

As we know, every county has its own organizations to work on the rules and regulations of commercial aviation. Here are some of the agencies involved in regulating drones in Poland:

The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA)

The Civil Aviation Authority (CAA) is an important government organization in Poland that regulates and oversees all aspects of civil aviation within the country.

This includes everything from the licensing and certification of pilots to the issuance of air traffic control permits and safety regulations for airports and airlines. The CAA also monitors compliance with noise standards, conducts routine inspections, and enforces all applicable laws related to civil aviation.

Through these efforts, the CAA works to maintain high standards of safety and security while promoting safe, efficient, and sustainable air travel throughout Poland. Whether you are a pilot or passenger, the CAA plays an important role in ensuring that your air travel experience is a safe and enjoyable one.

La Agencia de Seguridad Aérea de la Unión Europea (EASA)

The European Union Aviation Safety Agency (EASA) is one of the leading aviation safety organizations in the world. Founded in 2002, EASA is tasked with setting and enforcing safety standards across the entire European aviation industry.

These standards not only help to ensure that passengers can enjoy a safe and comfortable flight but also promote a high level of competence among pilots and other aviation professionals.

One of the key components of EASA is its state-of-the-art training center located in Poland. This training center offers an impressive range of courses and workshops, covering everything from aircraft maintenance to crew resource management and safety management systems.

Thanks to its state-of-the-art facilities and highly qualified instructors, EASA’s training center has become an international leader in the field of aviation education and certification.

The Border Guard

The Border Guard is responsible for policing the borders of Poland, and they also have a role to play in regulating drone use. If you are flying your drone near the border of Poland, it is important to be aware of their regulations and to make sure that you are following them.

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Categorías de operaciones en la Unión Europea

There are four operation categories of drones in the European Union, and each has its own set of rules and regulations that must be followed.

Categoría abierta

An open-category drone is one that can be operated without specific permission from the authorities as long as it meets certain basic safety requirements.

These are drones that weigh less than 25kg and are not used for commercial purposes. For these tipos de drones, you do not need a permit to fly them, but you must still follow the general rules and regulations set forth by the EASA.

The use of open-category drones in the European Union has become increasingly popular in recent years, with many people using these unmanned aircraft for a variety of purposes, from commercial applications to recreational uses.

There are a number of benefits that have contributed to this trend, including their affordability, convenience, and versatility.

Additionally, open-category drones are often seen as more “user-friendly” than other unmanned aircraft systems. While there are certainly challenges associated with drone usage in the EU, overall, it seems clear that these aircraft will play an important role in the future of aviation and transport. 

Specific Category in Detail

The specific category is generally seen as being more restrictive than the open category, and it is important to note that not all commercial activities are allowed under this category.

For example, you cannot use a specific-category drone to photograph or film people without their explicit consent. Additionally, there are a number of other restrictions that apply to specific-category drones, so it is important to consult with the EASA before attempting to operate one of these.

A specific-category drone is one that requires specific permission from the authorities in order to be flown. These are drones that weigh between 25kg and 150kg, and they can be used con fines comerciales. In order to fly one of these drones, you must first obtain a permit from the EASA.

Categoría certificada

A certified category drone is one that has been specifically designed and manufactured to meet the highest safety standards.

The EASA has a number of different certification programs that apply to different types of drones, so it is important to consult with the agency before attempting to operate one of these unmanned aircraft.

A certified-category drone is one that has been specifically designed and manufactured to meet certain safety standards set forth by the EASA.

These are drones that weigh more than 150kg, and they can be used for commercial purposes. In order to fly one of these drones, you must first obtain a permit from the EASA.

General Drone Rules in Poland

In Poland, the regulation of unmanned aircraft is covered under the Act on Aviation Law of 3 July 2002. In Poland, drones are considered to be “unmanned aerial vehicles” (UAVs) and are subject to the same rules and regulations as traditional aircraft.

Drone Laws in Poland

There are a number of general rules and regulations that apply to all drone users in Poland, regardless of the operation category.

  • It is illegal to fly your drone within 5km of an airport or heliport.
  • The maximum altitude for drone flight is 150 meters (490 feet).
  • It is illegal to vuela tu dron por la noche.
  • Do not fly your drone In bad weather conditions.
  • Drones must not be flown over crowds or populated areas.
  • Drones must not be flown near emergency scenes.
  • Drones should be under 25 kilograms in weight.
  • All drones must have liability insurance.
  • Illegal use of drones may result in fines and jail time.
  • It is illegal to fly your drone near animals.
  • Drones must be flown within visual line of sight (VLOS) at all times.
  • A drone operator does need a Remote licencia de piloto to operate a drone.
  • Drones must also be marked with the operator’s contact information.
  • Drone operators must register their drones with the Civil Aviation Authority.
  • Los operadores de drones deben ceder el paso a todas las aeronaves tripuladas.

Penalties for Breaking Drone Laws in Poland

Penalties for breaking drone law in Poland can be severe, with offenders facing hefty fines or even jail time. Those caught violating these provisions face steep monetary penalties and may even be subject to criminal prosecution.

Despite these stiff penalties, many people continue to flout the law, putting others at risk and damaging their personal reputations in the process.

Multas

Fines for breaking drone laws in Poland can be on the higher side, with offenders also facing the possibility of jail time. The amount of the fine will depend on the severity of the offense, with those who endanger others or violate restricted airspace facing the largest penalties.

Additionally, those who are caught flying drones without the proper permissions can be fined. This is a relatively new provision, and it is still unclear how strictly it will be enforced.

Jail Time

Those who break drone laws in Poland may also be subject to criminal prosecution, which can result in a prison sentence. The maximum prison sentence that can if your drone causes damage to another person or property, you could be liable for civil damages.

Incautación de drones

The authorities also have the right to seize your drone if they believe it is being used in an illegal manner. This can be a costly process, as you will have to pay for the drone to be returned to you.

Cancellation of License

If you are found to be in violation of drone law, you may also have your pilot’s license suspended or revoked.

This could impact your ability to fly drones in the future, so it is important to consult with an attorney before taking any actions that could put your license at risk.

It is important to consult with an attorney before taking any actions that could put you at risk of breaking the law.

Registration of Drones with CAA

Polish law also requires all drone operators to register their unmanned aircraft with the Civil Aviation Authority and to carry proof of registration when flying.

Additionally, it is important to note that there are a number of specific rules and regulations that apply to drone use in Poland.

All drones that weigh more than 0.5kg must be registered with the Civil Aviation Authority (CAA). This can be done online. Additionally, all drone operators must have insurance in case of any accidents or damages that may occur.

The Remote Pilot License in Poland

All drone operators in Poland must have a remote pilot license, which can be obtained by passing an exam. It is valid for five years.

To take the remote pilot exam in Poland, you must at least have a valid ID. You will also need to provide proof of insurance and registration.

The exam consists of a written test and an oral examination, and it covers topics such as aviation law, meteorology, air traffic control, and human factors.

If you are interested in flying drones commercially in Poland, you must first obtain a permit from the EASA.

Conclusión

Drones are becoming increasingly popular in Poland, but it is important to be aware of the laws and regulations that apply to their use. Those who break drone law can face severe penalties, including hefty fines and even jail time.

Hope this article helped you to understand the basic rules and regulations regarding drone laws in Poland. Fly safe and have fun.

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Richard J. Gross

Hola, me llamo Richard J. Gross y soy piloto de Airbus a tiempo completo y propietario de un negocio de drones comerciales. Me inicié en el mundo de los drones en 2015, cuando empecé a hacer fotografía aérea para empresas inmobiliarias. En aquel momento no tenía ni idea de dónde me estaba metiendo, pero resulta que llamaron a la policía poco después de empezar a volar. No les gustaba que volara con mi dron cerca de la gente, así que me pidieron que fuera a formar a sus agentes sobre las normas y regulaciones de los drones. Después de eso, decidí montar mi propio negocio de drones y enseñar a otros el uso seguro y responsable de los drones.

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